Hadhrat Hāfiz Shāh Abū Saeed Fārūqī Dehlavī Mujaddidī Naqshbandī (1196-1250 AH), may Allah sanctify his soul, is one of the greatest yet less known Awliya of India. He was a khalīfā and spiritual successor of the Mujaddid of 13th Islamic century Hadhrat Shāh Ghulām Alī Dehlavī (1156-1240 AH), may Allah be pleased with him.
Birth and Education
He was born in Rāmpur, India, on 2 Dhu al-Qa’da 1196 AH (10 October 1782 CE). His birth name was Zaki al-Qadr but is now known with his title Abu Saeed. He was a descendant of the great Mujaddid and Imam Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindi Faruqi, and his genealogy goes as follows: he was son of Hadhrat Safi al-Qadr, son of Hadhrat Aziz al-Qadr, son of Hadhrat Muhammad Isa, son of Hadhrat Khwaja Saifuddin, son of Hadhrat Imam Muhammad Masoom, son of Hadhrat Imam Rabbani Shaykh Ahmed Sirhindi, may Allah be pleased with them. His father was a great Shaykh and an ascetic Sufi.
Signs of Wilayah (sainthood) were visible in him from childhood. Once he went to Lucknow in his early years, accompanied with Maulana Dhia’un-Nabi who was from his close relatives. When he would go to the masjid, he would pass by a Durwesh who usually remained naked. But whenever he would pass, the Durwesh would cover up his private parts (Satr in Shariah). Someone asked him, why do you cover up when you see this boy? He replied, he (Shah Abu Saeed) will one day reach a high rank that he will be the focus of his relatives. Thus the words of that Durwesh came true.
He memorized the holy Quran at the age of 10, then learned Tajweed from Qāri Naseem. He had a beautiful voice and used to recite the holy Quran in a wonderful style. Yet he remained in doubt about the quality of his recitation as he did not believe in the admiration of non-Arabs, until when he received appreciation from the Arabs in Makkah.
You can read more about this important Naqshabandi Sheikh here.