09/30/2011 – Khutbah – Reflections on the Qur'an

السلام عليكم 

bismillahir rahmanir raheem

Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem

 

وَقُلِ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ سَيُرِيكُمْ آيَاتِهِ فَتَعْرِفُونَهَا وَمَا رَبُّكَ بِغَافِلٍ عَمَّا تَعْمَلُونَ

waquli alhamdu lillahi sayureekum ayatihi fata’rifoonaha wama rabbuka bighafilin ‘amma ta’maloona

Say: “Praise be to Allah (swt). He will show you His Signs and you will recognize them. Your Lord is not heedless of anything you do.” (Surat an-Naml: 93)

In today’s society, people assess the Qur’an very differently from the real purpose of its revelation. In the Islamic world, in general, very few people know the contents of the Qur’an.

Some Muslims often hang the Qur’an on the walls of their rooms within a decorative cover and elderly people read it from time to time. They assume that the Qur’an protects those who read it from “misfortune and trouble”. According to this superstition, they consider the Qur’an a sort of amulet against misfortunes.

The Qur’anic verses, however, inform us that the purpose of the Qur’an’s revelation is entirely different from what is mentioned above. For instance, in the 52nd verse of Surah Ibrahim, Allah (swt) states:

هَذَا بَلاغٌ لِلنَّاسِ وَلِيُنْذَرُوا بِهِ وَلِيَعْلَمُوا أَنَّمَا هُوَ إِلَهٌ وَاحِدٌ وَلِيَذَّكَّرَ أُولُو الألْبَابِ

hatha balaghun lil-nnasi waliyuntharoo bihi waliyaaalamoo annama huwa ila-hun wahidun waliya-ththakkara oloo al-albabi

“This is a communication to be transmitted to mankind so that they can be warned by it and so that they will know that He is One Allah (swt) and so that people of intelligence will pay heed.”

In many other verses, Allah (swt) emphasizes that one of the most crucial purposes of the Qur’an’s revelation is to invite people to ponder.

In the Qur’an, Allah (swt) invites people to reject blind acceptance of the beliefs and values society imposes on them and to ponder by pushing aside all the prejudices, taboos and constraints on their minds.

Man must think on how he came into being, what is the purpose of his life, why he will die and what awaits him after death. He must question how he himself and the whole universe came into existence and how they continue to exist. While doing this, he must relieve himself of all constraints and prejudices.

By thinking, while isolating his conscience from all social, ideological and psychological obligations, the person should eventually perceive that the entire universe, including himself, is created by a superior power. Even when he examines his own body or any other thing in nature, he will see an impressive harmony, plan and wisdom at work within its design.

At this point again, the Qur’an guides man. In the Qur’an, Allah (swt) guides us as to what we should reflect on and investigate. With the methods of reflection given in the Qur’an, he who has faith in Allah (swt) will better perceive Allah (swt)’s perfection, eternal wisdom, knowledge and power in His creation. When a believing person starts to think in the way shown in the Qur’an, he soon realizes that the whole universe is a sign of Allah’s (swt) power and art, and that, “nature is a work of art, not the artist itself”. Every work of art exhibits the exceptional skills of the one who has made it and conveys his messages.

In the Qur’an, people are summoned to contemplate numerous events and objects that clearly testify to the existence and uniqueness of Allah (swt) and His attributes. In the Qur’an, all these beings that bear witness are designated as “signs”, meaning “tested evidence, absolute knowledge and expression of truth”. Therefore, the signs of Allah (swt) comprise all the beings in the universe that disclose and communicate the being and attributes of Allah (swt). Those who can observe and remember will see that the entire universe is only composed of the signs of Allah (swt).

This, indeed, is the responsibility of mankind; to be able to see the signs of Allah (swt)… Thus, such a person will come to know the Creator who created him and all other things, draw closer to Him, discover the meaning of his existence and his life and so prosper.

Each thing, the breaths a human takes, political and social developments; the cosmic harmony in the universe, the atom, which is one of the smallest pieces of matter, is each a sign of Allah (swt) and they all operate under His control and knowledge, abiding by His laws. Recognizing and knowing the signs of Allah (swt) calls for personal effort. Everyone will recognize and know the signs of Allah (swt) in accordance with his own wisdom and conscience.

Undoubtedly, some guidelines may also help. As the first step, one can investigate certain points stressed in the Qur’an in order to acquire the mentality that perceives the whole universe as an articulation of the things created by Allah (swt).

Allah (swt)’s signs in nature are emphasized in Surat an-Nahl:

هُوَ الَّذِي أَنْزَلَ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً لَكُمْ مِنْهُ شَرَابٌ وَمِنْهُ شَجَرٌ فِيهِ تُسِيمُونَ

huwa allathee anzala mina al-ssama-i maan lakum minhu sharabun waminhu shajarun feehi tuseemoona

It is He who sends down water from the sky. From it you drink and from it come the shrubs among which you graze your herds.

يُنْبِتُ لَكُمْ بِهِ الزَّرْعَ وَالزَّيْتُونَ وَالنَّخِيلَ وَالأعْنَابَ وَمِنْ كُلِّ الثَّمَرَاتِ إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لآيَةً لِقَوْمٍ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ

yunbitu lakum bihi alzzar’a wa az-zaytoona wa an-nakheela wa al-a’naba wamin kulli al-ththamarati inna fee thalika laayatan liqawmin yatafakkaroona

And by it He makes crops grow for you and olives and dates and grapes and fruit of every kind. . There is certainly a sign in that for people who reflect.

وَسَخَّرَ لَكُمُ اللَّيْلَ وَالنَّهَارَ وَالشَّمْسَ وَالْقَمَرَ وَالنُّجُومُ مُسَخَّرَاتٌ بِأَمْرِهِ إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لآيَاتٍ لِقَوْمٍ يَعْقِلُونَ

wasakhkhara lakumu allayla wa an-nahara wa alsh-shamsa wa alqamara wa an-nujoomu musakhkharatun bi-amrihi inna fee thalika la-ayatin liqawmin ya’qiloona

He has made the night and the day subservient to you, and the sun, the moon and the stars, all subject to His command. There are certainly signs in that for people who use their intellect.

وَمَا ذَرَأَ لَكُمْ فِي الأرْضِ مُخْتَلِفًا أَلْوَانُهُ إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لآيَةً لِقَوْمٍ يَذَّكَّرُونَ
wa ma tharaa lakum fee al-ardi mukhtalifan al-wanuhu inna fee thalika la-ayatan liqawmin yaththakkaroona

And also the things of varying colors He has created for you in the earth. There is certainly a sign in that for people who pay heed.

وَهُوَ الَّذِي سَخَّرَ الْبَحْرَ لِتَأْكُلُوا مِنْهُ لَحْمًا طَرِيًّا وَتَسْتَخْرِجُوا مِنْهُ حِلْيَةً تَلْبَسُونَهَا وَتَرَى الْفُلْكَ مَوَاخِرَ فِيهِ وَلِتَبْتَغُوا مِنْ فَضْلِهِ وَلَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ

wahuwa allathee sakhkhara albahra lita/kuloo minhu lahman tariyyan wa tastakhrijoo minhu hilyatan talbasoonaha watara alfulka mawakhira feehi wa litabtaghoo min fadlihi wa laa’llakum tashkuroona

It is He who made the sea subservient to you so that you can eat fresh flesh from it and bring out from it ornaments to wear. And you see the ships cleaving through it so that you can seek His bounty, and so that perhaps you may show thanks.

وَأَلْقَى فِي الأرْضِ رَوَاسِيَ أَنْ تَمِيدَ بِكُمْ وَأَنْهَارًا وَسُبُلا لَعَلَّكُمْ تَهْتَدُونَ

wa-alqa fee al-ardi rawasiya an tameeda bikum wa anharan wa subulan la’allakum tah-tadoona

He cast firmly embedded mountains on the earth so it would not move under you, and rivers and pathways so that perhaps you might be guided, and landmarks.

وَعَلامَاتٍ وَبِالنَّجْمِ هُمْ يَهْتَدُونَ

wa ‘alamatin wa bian-najmi hum yahtadoona

And they are guided by the stars.

أَفَمَنْ يَخْلُقُ كَمَنْ لا يَخْلُقُ أَفَلا تَذَكَّرُونَ

afaman yakhluqu kaman la yakhluqu afala tathakkaroona

Is He Who creates like him who does not create? So will you not pay heed?

Part 2

In the Qur’an, Allah (swt) invites people of understanding to think about the issues which other people overlook, or just dismiss using such barren terms as “evolution”, “coincidence”, or “a miracle of nature”.


إِنَّ فِي خَلْقِ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأرْضِ وَاخْتِلافِ اللَّيْلِ وَالنَّهَارِ لآيَاتٍ لأولِي الألْبَابِ

inna fee khalqi as-samawati wa al-ardi wa ikhtilafi allayli wa an-nahari laayatin li-olee al-albabi

In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the alternation of night and day, there are Signs for people of intelligence:

الَّذِينَ يَذْكُرُونَ اللَّهَ قِيَامًا وَقُعُودًا وَعَلَى جُنُوبِهِمْ وَيَتَفَكَّرُونَ فِي خَلْقِ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأرْضِ رَبَّنَا مَا خَلَقْتَ هَذَا بَاطِلا سُبْحَانَكَ فَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ

allatheena yathkuroona allaha qiyaman waqu’aoodan wa’aala junoobihim wa yatafakkaroona fee khalqi as-samawati wa al-ardi rabbana ma khalaqta hatha batilan subhanaka faqina ‘aathaba an-nari

those who remember Allah (swt) standing, sitting and lying on their sides, and reflect on the wonders of the creation of the heavens and the earth (with the thought) “Our Lord, You did not create this for nothing. Glory be to You! So guard us from the punishment of the Fire. (Surah Ali-‘Imran: 190-191)

As we see in these verses, people of understanding see the signs of Allah (swt) and try to comprehend His eternal knowledge, power and art by remembering and reflecting on them, for Allah’s (swt) knowledge is limitless, and His creation flawless.

For people of understanding, everything around them is a sign of this creation.

Wa allahu alim.


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