Archive for the ‘Khutbas’ Category

26 Rajab Lailat-ul-Mi’raj

Sunday, April 23rd, 2017
bismillahir rahmanir raheem

Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem

السلام عليكم

 

 

 

 

سبحان الذي اسرى بعبده ليلا من المسجد الحرام الى المسجد الاقصى الذي باركنا حوله لنريه من اياتنا انه هو السميع البصير

[17.01]

Subhana allathee asra bi’abdihi laylan mina almasjidi alharami ‘ila almasjidi al-aqsa allathee barakna hawlahu linuriyahu min ayatina innahu huwa as-samee’u albaseer

Glory to (Allah) Who did take His servant for a Journey by night from the Sacred Mosque to the farthest Mosque, whose precincts We did bless,- in order that We might show him some of Our Signs: for He is the One Who heareth and seeth (all things).

In the words of Rasul Allah (SAW)

Narrated Anas bin Malik

Dome of the Rock

The night Allah’s Apostle was taken for a journey from the sacred mosque (of Mecca) Al-Ka’ba: Three persons came to him in a dream while he was sleeping in the Sacred Mosque before the Divine Inspiration was revealed to Him. One of them said, “Which of them is he?” The middle (second) angel said, “He is the best of them.” The last (third) angle said, “Take the best of them.” Only that much happened on that night and he did not see them till they came on another night, after The Divine Inspiration was revealed to him. And he saw them, his eyes were asleep but his heart was not—-and so is the case with the prophets: their eyes sleep while their hearts do not sleep. So those angels did not talk to him till they carried him and placed him beside the well of Zam-Zam. From among them Gabriel took charge of him. Gabriel cut open (the part of his body) between his throat and the middle of his chest (heart) and took all the material out of his chest and abdomen and then washed it with Zam-Zam water with his own hands till he cleansed the inside of his body, and then a gold tray containing a gold bowl full of belief and wisdom was brought and then Gabriel stuffed his chest and throat blood vessels with it and then closed it (the chest). He then ascended with him to the heaven of the world and knocked on one of its doors.

The dwellers of the Heaven asked, ‘Who is it?’ He said, “Gabriel.” They said, “Who is accompanying you?” He said, “Muhammad.” They said, “Has he been called?” He said, “Yes” They said, “He is welcomed.” So the dwellers of the Heaven became pleased with his arrival, and they did not know what Allah would do to the Prophet on earth unless Allah informed them. The Prophet met Adam over the nearest Heaven. Gabriel said to the Prophet, “He is your father; greet him.” The Prophet greeted him and Adam returned his greeting and said, “Welcome, O my Son! O what a good son you are!” Behold, he saw two flowing rivers, while he was in the nearest sky. He asked, “What are these two rivers, O Gabriel?” Gabriel said, “These are the sources of the Nile and the Euphrates.”

Then Gabriel took him around that Heaven and behold, he saw another river at the bank of which there was a palace built of pearls and emerald. He put his hand into the river and found its mud like musk Adhfar. He asked, “What is this, O Gabriel?” Gabriel said, “This is the Kauthar which your Lord has kept for you.” Then Gabriel ascended (with him) to the second Heaven and the angels asked the same questions as those on the first Heaven, i.e., “Who is it?” Gabriel replied, “Gabriel”. They asked, “Who is accompanying you?” He said, “Muhammad.” They asked, “Has he been sent for?” He said, “Yes.” Then they said, “He is welcomed.” Then he (Gabriel) ascended with the Prophet to the third Heaven, and the angels said the same as the angels of the first and the second Heavens had said.

Then he ascended with him to the fourth Heaven and they said the same; and then he ascended with him to the fifth Heaven and they said the same; and then he ascended with him to the sixth Heaven and they said the same; then he ascended with him to the seventh Heaven and they said the same. On each Heaven there were prophets whose names he had mentioned and of whom I remember Idris on the second Heaven, Aaron on the fourth Heavens another prophet whose name I don’t remember, on the fifth Heaven, Abraham on the sixth Heaven, and Moses on the seventh Heaven because of his privilege of talking to Allah directly. Moses said (to Allah), “O Lord! I thought that none would be raised up above me.”

But Gabriel ascended with him (the Prophet) for a distance above that, the distance of which only Allah knows, till he reached the Lote Tree (beyond which none may pass) and then the Irresistible, the Lord of Honor and Majesty approached and came closer till he (Gabriel) was about two bow lengths or (even) nearer. (It is said that it was Gabriel who approached and came closer to the Prophet. Among the things which Allah revealed to him then, was: “Fifty prayers were enjoined on his followers in a day and a night.”

Then the Prophet descended till he met Moses, and then Moses stopped him and asked, “O Muhammad ! What did your Lord en join upon you?” The Prophet replied,” He enjoined upon me to perform fifty prayers in a day and a night.” Moses said, “Your followers cannot do that; Go back so that your Lord may reduce it for you and for them.” So the Prophet turned to Gabriel as if he wanted to consult him about that issue. Gabriel told him of his opinion, saying, “Yes, if you wish.” So Gabriel ascended with him to the Irresistible and said while he was in his place, “O Lord, please lighten our burden as my followers cannot do that.” So Allah deducted for him ten prayers where upon he returned to Moses who stopped him again and kept on sending him back to his Lord till the enjoined prayers were reduced to only five prayers.

Then Moses stopped him when the prayers had been reduced to five and said, “O Muhammad! By Allah, I tried to persuade my nation, Bani Israel to do less than this, but they could not do it and gave it up. However, your followers are weaker in body, heart, sight and hearing, so return to your Lord so that He may lighten your burden.”

The Prophet turned towards Gabriel for advice and Gabriel did not disapprove of that. So he ascended with him for the fifth time. The Prophet said, “O Lord, my followers are weak in their bodies, hearts, hearing and constitution, so lighten our burden.” On that the Irresistible said, “O Muhammad!” the Prophet replied, “Labbaik and Sa’daik.” Allah said, “The Word that comes from Me does not change, so it will be as I enjoined on you in the Mother of the Book.” Allah added, “Every good deed will be rewarded as ten times so it is fifty (prayers) in the Mother of the Book (in reward) but you are to perform only five (in practice).”

The Prophet returned to Moses who asked, “What have you done?” He said, “He has lightened our burden: He has given us for every good deed a tenfold reward.” Moses said, “By Allah! I tried to make Bani Israel observe less than that, but they gave it up. So go back to your Lord that He may lighten your burden further.” Allah’s Apostle said, “O Moses! By Allah, I feel shy of returning too many times to my Lord.” On that Gabriel said, “Descend in Allah’s Name.” The Prophet then woke while he was in the Sacred Mosque (at Mecca).

Part 2

Narrated Abu Huraira

On the night Allah’s Apostle was taken on a night journey (Miraj) two cups, one containing wine and the other milk, were presented to him at Jerusalem. He looked at it and took the cup of milk. Gabriel said, “Praise be to Allah Who guided you to Al-Fitra (the right path); if you had taken (the cup of) wine, your nation would have gone astray.”

Lastly about fasting in Sha’ban

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu’n Nadr, the mawla of Umar ibn Ubaydullah, from Abu Salama ibn Abd ar-Rahman that A’isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to fast for so long that we thought he would never stop fasting, and he would go without fasting for so long that we thought he would never fast again. I never saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, fast for a complete month except for Ramadan, and I never saw him do more fasting in any one month than he did in Shaban.’

And for making up fast for last year’s Ramadan

Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said from Abu Salama ibn Abd ar-Rahman that he heard A’isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, “I used to have to make up days from Ramadan and not be able to do them until Shaban came.”

Wa allahu alim.


 

Blessings to all on Christmas

Sunday, December 25th, 2016

Bethlehem Today

It is with great reverence, homage and gratitude that I thank Allah (swt) for sending us the Prophet ‘Isa Ruhallah and join in all other peoples who celebrate his coming to Earth to teach us of the overwhelming compassion and mercy of Allah (swt). And a special greeting of Merry Christmas to our Christian readers and all those who are celebrating Christ’s birth on December 25. (For those in other Christian denominations who celebrate this blessed event on other days I apologize that I will not be able to post separate greetings for all of you and ask that you forgive me and accept this post as my heartfelt greeting to you at that time as well.)

‘Isa bin Maryam (Jesus son of Mary) is celebrated in Islam as well as Christianity. His birth is recorded in the Qur’an and there are miracles associated with his life and birth. He is known as Ruh Allah – meaning “spirit” or “breath” of God.

The angel Jibril (Gabriel) comes to Maryam as told in Sura Imran in the Qur’an:

003.042 وَإِذْ قَالَتِ الْمَلائِكَةُ يَا مَرْيَمُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ اصْطَفَاكِ وَطَهَّرَكِ وَاصْطَفَاكِ عَلَى نِسَاءِ الْعَالَمِينَ
003.043 يَا مَرْيَمُ اقْنُتِي لِرَبِّكِ وَاسْجُدِي وَارْكَعِي مَعَ الرَّاكِعِينَ
003.044 ذَلِكَ مِنْ أَنْبَاءِ الْغَيْبِ نُوحِيهِ إِلَيْكَ وَمَا كُنْتَ لَدَيْهِمْ إِذْ يُلْقُونَ أَقْلامَهُمْ أَيُّهُمْ يَكْفُلُ مَرْيَمَ وَمَا كُنْتَ لَدَيْهِمْ إِذْ يَخْتَصِمُونَ
003.045 إِذْ قَالَتِ الْمَلائِكَةُ يَا مَرْيَمُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُبَشِّرُكِ بِكَلِمَةٍ مِنْهُ اسْمُهُ الْمَسِيحُ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ وَجِيهًا فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالآخِرَةِ وَمِنَ الْمُقَرَّبِينَ
003.046 وَيُكَلِّمُ النَّاسَ فِي الْمَهْدِ وَكَهْلا وَمِنَ الصَّالِحِينَ
003.047 قَالَتْ رَبِّ أَنَّى يَكُونُ لِي وَلَدٌ وَلَمْ يَمْسَسْنِي بَشَرٌ قَالَ كَذَلِكِ اللَّهُ يَخْلُقُ مَا يَشَاءُ إِذَا قَضَى أَمْرًا فَإِنَّمَا يَقُولُ لَهُ كُنْ فَيَكُونُ
003.042 Wa-ith qalati almala-ikatu ya maryamu inna Allaha istafaki watahharaki waistafaki AAala nisa-i alAAalameena
003.043 Ya maryamu oqnutee lirabbiki waosjudee wairkaAAee maAAa alrrakiAAeena
003.044 Thalika min anba-i alghaybi nooheehi ilayka wama kunta ladayhim ith yulqoona aqlamahum ayyuhum yakfulu maryama wama kunta ladayhim ith yakhtasimoona
003.045 Ith qalati almala-ikatu ya maryamu inna Allaha yubashshiruki bikalimatin minhu ismuhu almaseehu AAeesa ibnu maryama wajeehan fee alddunya waal-akhirati wamina almuqarrabeena
003.046 Wayukallimu alnnasa fee almahdi wakahlan wamina alssaliheena
003.047 Qalat rabbi anna yakoonu lee waladun walam yamsasnee basharun qala kathaliki Allahu yakhluqu ma yashao itha qada amran fa-innama yaqoolu lahu kun fayakoonu
003.042 Behold! the angels said: “O Mary! Allah hath chosen thee and purified thee- chosen thee above the women of all nations.
003.043 “O Mary! worship Thy Lord devoutly: Prostrate thyself, and bow down (in prayer) with those who bow down.”
003.044 This is part of the tidings of the things unseen, which We reveal unto thee (O Messenger!) by inspiration: Thou wast not with them when they cast lots with arrows, as to which of them should be charged with the care of Mary: Nor wast thou with them when they disputed (the point).
003.045 Behold! the angels said: “O Mary! Allah giveth thee glad tidings of a Word from Him: his name will be Christ Jesus, the son of Mary, held in honour in this world and the Hereafter and of (the company of) those nearest to Allah;
003.046 “He shall speak to the people in childhood and in maturity. And he shall be (of the company) of the righteous.”
003.047 She said: “O my Lord! How shall I have a son when no man hath touched me?” He said: “Even so: Allah createth what He willeth: When He hath decreed a plan, He but saith to it, ‘Be,’ and it is!

Also in the Qur’an, ‘Isa announces his own mission at his birth, as we see in Sura Maryam:

019.027 فَأَتَتْ بِهِ قَوْمَهَا تَحْمِلُهُ قَالُوا يَا مَرْيَمُ لَقَدْ جِئْتِ شَيْئًا فَرِيًّا
019.028 يَا أُخْتَ هَارُونَ مَا كَانَ أَبُوكِ امْرَأَ سَوْءٍ وَمَا كَانَتْ أُمُّكِ بَغِيًّا
019.029 فَأَشَارَتْ إِلَيْهِ قَالُوا كَيْفَ نُكَلِّمُ مَنْ كَانَ فِي الْمَهْدِ صَبِيًّا
019.030 قَالَ إِنِّي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ آتَانِيَ الْكِتَابَ وَجَعَلَنِي نَبِيًّا
019.031 وَجَعَلَنِي مُبَارَكًا أَيْنَ مَا كُنْتُ ‎وَأَوْصَانِي بِالصَّلاةِ وَالزَّكَاةِ مَا دُمْتُ حَيًّا
019.032 وَبَرًّا بِوَالِدَتِي وَلَمْ يَجْعَلْنِي جَبَّارًا شَقِيًّا
019.033 وَالسَّلامُ عَلَيَّ يَوْمَ وُلِدْتُ وَيَوْمَ أَمُوتُ وَيَوْمَ أُبْعَثُ حَيًّا
019.034 ذَلِكَ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ قَوْلَ الْحَقِّ الَّذِي فِيهِ يَمْتَرُونَ
019.027 Faatat bihi qawmaha tahmiluhu qaloo ya maryamu laqad ji/ti shay-an fariyyan
019.028 Ya okhta haroona ma kana abooki imraa saw-in wama kanat ommuki baghiyyan
019.029 Faasharat ilayhi qaloo kayfa nukallimu man kana fee almahdi sabiyyan
019.030 Qala innee AAabdu Allahi ataniya alkitaba wajaAAalanee nabiyyan
019.031 WajaAAalanee mubarakan aynama kuntu waawsanee bialssalati waalzzakati ma dumtu hayyan
019.032 Wabarran biwalidatee walam yajAAalnee jabbaran shaqiyyan
019.033 Waalssalamu AAalayya yawma wulidtu wayawma amootu wayawma obAAathu hayyan
019.034 Thalika AAeesa ibnu maryama qawla alhaqqi allathee feehi yamtaroona
019.027 At length she brought the (babe) to her people, carrying him (in her arms). They said: “O Mary! truly an amazing thing hast thou brought!
019.028 “O sister of Aaron! Thy father was not a man of evil, nor thy mother a woman unchaste!”
019.029 But she pointed to the babe. They said: “How can we talk to one who is a child in the cradle?”
019.030 He said: “I am indeed a servant of Allah: He hath given me revelation and made me a prophet;
019.031 “And He hath made me blessed wheresoever I be, and hath enjoined on me Prayer and Charity as long as I live;
019.032 “(He) hath made me kind to my mother, and not overbearing or miserable;
019.033 “So peace is on me the day I was born, the day that I die, and the day that I shall be raised up to life (again)”!
019.034 Such (was) Jesus the son of Mary: (it is) a statement of truth, about which they (vainly) dispute.

What a different world it would be if we all treated each other as Allah taught us through ‘Isa Ruhallah bin Maryam! The Qur’an tells us our disputations about him are vain. Vanity is one of those things we must overcome in order to truly see each other as brothers and sisters. I call on all my brothers and sisters, Muslim, Christian, Jew, Zoroastrian, Buddhist, Hindu, Aboriginals and all others to join together for the sake of learning about one another and seeing this – That any narrow view of God and God’s revelation is only a small window to the truth – God’s truth is far greater and needs to be viewed from many different angles to be seen as a whole. This only exists when the hearts of men and women are open to the message of love that has come to us so many times and which we constantly seem to forget.

As it says in Sura ‘Asr in the holy Qur’an

103.001 وَالْعَصْرِ
103.001 إِنَّ الإنْسَانَ لَفِي خُسْرٍ
103.001 إِلا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ وَتَوَاصَوْا بِالْحَقِّ وَتَوَاصَوْا بِالصَّبْرِ
103.001 WaalAAasri
103.002 Inna al-insana lafee khusrin
103.003 Illa allatheena amanoo waAAamiloo alssalihati watawasaw bialhaqqi watawasaw bialssabri
103.001 By (the Token of) Time (through the ages),
103.002 Verily Man is in loss,
103.003 Except such as have Faith, and do righteous deeds, and (join together) in the mutual teaching of Truth, and of Patience and Constancy.

And Allah (swt) knows best.


 

2016 12 23 Khutbah – ‘Isa (as) a Sign From Allah (swt)

Friday, December 23rd, 2016

You can follow the link to the Khutbah for Friday, 23 December 2016/24 Rabi ul Awal 1438 on the meaning of the birth of ‘Isa (as) and of all the prophets of Allah (swt). They all came as a sign from Allah (swt) and as mercy to all the worlds…

2016 12 23 birth of Isa.doc

Wa allahu allim

Khutbah – 11/04/2016 – Islam and the environment

Friday, November 4th, 2016

 

The Islamic approach to environmental protection …

In our eagerness to ‘progress’ and ‘develop’ we have lost sight of the finite and delicate nature of planet Earth and of humanity’s place in it. Islamic teaching offers an opportunity to understand the natural order and to define human responsibility. It could be said that the limits of the human condition are set within several principles –

First, the Earth is a sacred place of prayer. The Quran says that the entire Earth was given to us as a place of prayer. That is, a sacred place. We keep the insides of our churches and mosques and synagogues clean because we connect them with a place where we “visit” with God. But here Allah is saying that the entire earth is such a place. The lesson is then that we must care for it as we would care for any place of prayer, any sacred place.

055.010 وَالأرْضَ وَضَعَهَا لِلأنَامِ

Waal-arda wada’aha lil-anam

It is He Who has spread out the earth as a prayer carpet for His creatures:

Second – Tawheed is the fundamental statement of the oneness of the Creator, from which everything else follows. It is the primordial testimony to the unity of all creation and to the interlocking grid of the natural order ecology of which humanity is an intrinsic part. God says of Himself in the Qur’an:

قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ112.001

Qul huwa allahu ahad

112.002 اللَّهُ الصَّمَدُ

Allahu samad

Say; He is God, One, God, the Everlasting Refuge Quran 112:1-2

and about creation:

وَلَهُ مَنْ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأرْضِ كُلٌّ لَهُ قَانِتُونَ030.026

Walahu man fee alssamawati waal-ardi kullun lahu qanitoona

وَهُوَ الَّذِي يَبْدَأُ الْخَلْقَ ثُمَّ يُعِيدُهُ وَهُوَ

أَهْوَنُ عَلَيْهِ وَلَهُ الْمَثَلُ الأعْلَى فِي

السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأرْضِ وَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ030.027

Wahuwa allathee yabdao alkhalqa thumma yu’aeeduhu wahuwa ahwanu ‘aalayhi walahu almathalu al-a’ala fee alssamawati waal-ardi wahuwa al’aazeezu alhakeemu

To Him belongs whatsoever is in the heavens and the earth, all obey his will And it is He who originates creation

The whole of creation – being the work of one Originator – works within one stable pattern, however complex it may be. Another verse in the Qur’an refers to the heavens and the Earth as extensions of God’s throne, thus conveying the idea that creation was designed to function as a whole. Each of its complimentary parts, including humankind, plays its own self-preserving role, and in so doing supports the rest.

Third – Fitra describes the primordial nature of creation itself and locates humankind in it. The Qur’an says:

فَأَقِمْ وَجْهَكَ لِلدِّينِ حَنِيفًا فِطْرَةَ اللَّهِ

الَّتِي فَطَرَ النَّاسَ عَلَيْهَا لا تَبْدِيلَ لِخَلْقِ

اللَّهِ ذَلِكَ الدِّينُ الْقَيِّمُ وَلَكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ

النَّاسِ لا يَعْلَمُونَ030.030

Faaqim wajhaka lilddeeni haneefan fitrata Allahi allatee fatara alnnasa ‘aalayha la tabdeela likhalqi Allahi thalika alddeenu alqayyimu walakinna akthara alnnasi la ya’alamoona

So set thy face to the religion, a man of pure faith – God’s original upon which He originated mankind. There is no changing God’s creation. That is the right religion; but most men know it not

God originates humankind within His creation, which He also originated. Humanity is then inescapably subject to God’s immutable laws, as is the rest of creation. Creation cannot be changed: global warming can be seen, in this light, as the Earth’s endeavor to maintain a balance in the face of the human assault against it.

Part 2

Fourth – Mizan is the principle of balance, of the middle path. In one of its most eloquent passages the Qur’an describes creation thus:

055.001 الرَّحْمَنُ

Alrrahmanu

055.002 عَلَّمَ الْقُرْآنَ

‘allama alqur-ana

055.003 خَلَقَ الإنْسَانَ

Khalaqa al-insana

055.004 عَلَّمَهُ الْبَيَانَ

‘allamahu albayana

055.005 الشَّمْسُ وَالْقَمَرُ بِحُسْبَانٍ

Alshshamsu waalqamaru bihusbanin

055.006 وَالنَّجْمُ وَالشَّجَرُ يَسْجُدَانِ

Waalnnajmu waalshshajaru yasjudani

055.007 وَالسَّمَاءَ رَفَعَهَا وَوَضَعَ الْمِيزَانَ

Waalssamaa rafa’aha wawada’a almeezana

055.008 أَلا تَطْغَوْا فِي الْمِيزَانِ

Alla tatghaw fee almeezani

055.009 وَأَقِيمُوا الْوَزْنَ بِالْقِسْطِ وَلا تُخْسِرُوا الْمِيزَانَ

Waaqeemoo alwazna bialqisti wala tukhsiroo almeezana

055.010 وَالأرْضَ وَضَعَهَا لِلأنَامِ

Waal-arda wada’aha lil-anami

055.011 فِيهَا فَاكِهَةٌ وَالنَّخْلُ ذَاتُ الأكْمَامِ

Feeha fakihatun waalnnakhlu thatu al-akmami

055.012 وَالْحَبُّ ذُو الْعَصْفِ وَالرَّيْحَانُ

Waalhabbu thoo al’asfi waalrrayhani

The All-Merciful has taught the Qur’an.

He created man and He taught him the explanation.

The sun and the moon to a reckoning, and the stars and trees bow themselves;

and heaven – He raised it up and set the balance.

Transgress not in the balance,

and weigh with justice, and skimp not in the balance.

And earth – He set it down for all beings,

therein fruits and palm trees with sheaths,

and grain in the blade, and fragrant herbs.

Of which your Lord’s bounties will you and you deny?

Quran 55:1-12

God has singled out humans and taught them reason – the capacity to understand. All creation has an order and a purpose. If the sun, the moon, the stars, the trees and the rest of creation did not conform to the natural laws – ‘bow themselves’ – it would be impossible for life to function on Earth. So we have a responsibility not to deny the ‘Lord’s bounties’ and actively to recognize the order that is around us, for ourselves, as much as for the rest of creation.

Fifth – Khalifa – or the role of stewardship – is the sacred duty God has ascribed to the human race. There are many verses in the Qur’an that describe human duties and responsibilities, such as the following which aptly summarizes humanity’s role:

It is He who has appointed you viceroys in the earth Quran 6:165 (part)

Humankind has a special place in God’s scheme. We are more than friends of the Earth – we are its guardians. Although we are equal partners with everything else in the natural world we have added responsibilities. We are decidedly not its lords and masters.

We may deduce from these principles that creation, although quite complex and yet finite, only works because each of its component parts does what is expected of it – in the language of the Qur’an, submits to the Creator. Humanity is inextricably part of this pattern. The role of humans – who uniquely have wills of their own and are thus capable of interfering with the pattern of creation – is of guardianship. This added responsibility imposes limits on their behavior and should lead to conscious recognition of their own fragility. They achieve this by submitting themselves to the divine law.

Until quite recently the human race – both rebels and conformists, the ignorant and the enlightened, whether in small self-governing communities or vast empires, barbarian tribes or points of high civilization – functioned unconsciously within natural, unwritten boundaries. It had an intuitive disposition to live within the Fitra, though this was only achieved by conscious recognition of the existence of a superior force, the divine. This was an existential reality, neither idyllic nor utopian.

We are clearly no longer functioning within these limits. Two events in 16th and 17th century Europe allowed the human species to break free from the natural patterning of which it had always been part. One was the appearance of the Cartesian world view, which propounded a dualism that separated mind and matter and allowed for the development of science on purely mechanistic lines. Cartesian skepticism brushed aside the accumulated wisdom of the ages and sowed the seeds of doubt. From then on humanity began to worship itself: in Descartes’ own words humans were ‘lords and masters of creation’. They now had reason on their side to support them in their acts of predation.

This period also saw the laying of the foundations of the banking system to which we are all now in thrall. Bankers have, in Islamic terms, sabotaged the Mizan of creation by not only charging interest but by doing so on money which they create endlessly out of nothing. This explosion of artificial wealth provides the illusion of economic dynamism: but in reality it is parasitic. Endless credit devours the finite Fitra. If kept up, this would eventually result in the Earth looking like the surface of the moon.

People who lived in the pre-Cartesian dimension, that was before we were told that nature was there to be plundered, were basically no different from us. They had the same positive and negative human attributes, but the results of human profligacy were contained by the natural order of things, which transcended technological and political sophistication and even religious disposition. Excess in the natural order was contained because it was biodegradable. When old civilizations, however opulent, profligate, greedy, or brutal died, the forest just grew over them. They left no pollutants, damaging poisons or nuclear waste. By contrast, and assuming we survive as a species, archaeologists excavating our present rampant civilization are going to have one or two problems…

And Allah knows best.



 

Forgiveness and ‘Ashura – 10 Muharram 1438

Tuesday, October 11th, 2016

السلام عليكم

bismillahir rahmanir raheem

Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem

Islam attaches great importance to the concept of pardoning of sins by Allah (swt) so that we may be saved from the hell of our making here on earth and in the afterlife. That hell of an unhappy or fearful heart and mind. On several occasions, The Holy Quran gives such prayers as:

002.286 لا يُكَلِّفُ اللَّهُ نَفْسًا إِلا وُسْعَهَا لَهَا مَا كَسَبَتْ وَعَلَيْهَا مَا اكْتَسَبَتْ رَبَّنَا لا تُؤَاخِذْنَا إِنْ نَسِينَا أَوْ أَخْطَأْنَا رَبَّنَا وَلا تَحْمِلْ عَلَيْنَا إِصْرًا كَمَا حَمَلْتَهُ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِنَا رَبَّنَا وَلا تُحَمِّلْنَا مَا لا طَاقَةَ لَنَا بِهِ وَاعْفُ عَنَّا وَاغْفِرْ لَنَا وَارْحَمْنَا أَنْتَ مَوْلانَا فَانْصُرْنَا عَلَى الْقَوْمِ الْكَافِرِينَ
002.286 La yukallifu Allahu nafsan illa wus’aha laha ma kasabat wa’alayha ma iktasabat rabbana la tu-akhithna in naseena aw akhta/na rabbana wala tahmil ‘alayna isran kama hamaltahu ‘ala allatheena min qablina rabbana wala tuhammilna ma la taqata lana bihi wao‘fu ‘anna waighfir lana wairhamna anta mawlana faonsurna ‘ala alqawmi alkafireena
002.286 On no soul does Allah Place a burden greater than it can bear. It gets every good that it earns, and it suffers every ill that it earns. (Pray:) “Our Lord! Condemn us not if we forget or fall into error; our Lord! Lay not on us a burden Like that which you did lay on those before us; Our Lord! Lay not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear. Blot out our sins, and grant us forgiveness. Have mercy on us. You are our Protector; Help us against those who stand against faith.”

Allah puts our minds and hearts at ease, assuring us that no matter what our sin, if we truly repent and seek His forgiveness, and take steps to put right our wrongs, He will forgive us. The Prophet Muhammad (saw) said, “My heart is clouded until I have asked God’s forgiveness seventy times during the day and night.”

And just as we can depend on the mercy and forgiveness of Allah (saw) we are likewise asked to show mercy to our fellow men.

Allah (swt) says in the Quran Sharif

090.017 ثُمَّ كَانَ مِنَ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَتَوَاصَوْا بِالصَّبْرِ وَتَوَاصَوْا بِالْمَرْحَمَةِ
090.017 Thumma kana mina allatheena amanoo watawasaw bialssabri watawasaw bialmarhamati
090.017 Then will he be of those who believe, and enjoin patience, (constancy, and self-restraint), and enjoin deeds of kindness and compassion.

Since God is Himself forgiving, He desires that people should cultivate this attribute and show forgiveness to other human beings.

024.022 وَلا يَأْتَلِ أُولُو الْفَضْلِ مِنْكُمْ وَالسَّعَةِ أَنْ يُؤْتُوا أُولِي الْقُرْبَى وَالْمَسَاكِينَ وَالْمُهَاجِرِينَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَلْيَعْفُوا وَلْيَصْفَحُوا أَلا تُحِبُّونَ أَنْ يَغْفِرَ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ وَاللَّهُ غَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ
024.022 Wala ya/tali oloo alfadli minkum waalssa’ati an yu/too olee alqurba waalmasakeena waalmuhajireena fee sabeeli Allahi walya’foo walyasfahoo ala tuhibboona an yaghfira Allahu lakum waAllahu ghafoorun raheemun
024.022 Let not those among you who are enbued with grace and amplitude of means resolve by oath against helping their kinsmen, those in want, and those who have left their homes in Allah’s cause: let them forgive and overlook, do you not wish that Allah should forgive you? For Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

The Prophet Muhammad (saw) taught his followers that the individual who pardons his enemy, even while having the power to extract revenge, will be nearest to God in the Hereafter. Once the Prophet (saw) was asked, “How many times are we to forgive our servants’ faults?” He remained silent. The questioner repeated his question. But the Prophet gave no answer. But when the person asked a third time, he said, “Forgive your servant seventy times a day.”

And Allah (swt) is aware of the problems, trials and tribulations that we go through in our daily lives. The pressure of families and of work and living in this world are great. Even then we must remember the kindness and mercy which is shown to us by Allah (swt) should guide our actions towards our family members, friends and acquaintances as well. Allah (swt) says in the Quran Sharif:

064.014 يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِنَّ مِنْ أَزْوَاجِكُمْ وَأَوْلادِكُمْ عَدُوًّا لَكُمْ فَاحْذَرُوهُمْ وَإِنْ تَعْفُوا وَتَصْفَحُوا وَتَغْفِرُوا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ
064.014 Ya ayyuha allatheena amanoo inna min azwajikum waawladikum ‘aduwwan lakum faihtharoohum wa-in ta’foo watasfahoo wataghfiroo fa-inna Allaha ghafoorun raheemun
064.014 O ye who believe! Truly, among your wives and your children are (some that are) enemies to yourselves: so beware of them! But if ye forgive and overlook, and cover up (their faults), verily Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

And when we are greeted in our lives with that which makes us angry.

Allah (swt) makes it clear in the Holy Quran that a strong, adverse, emotional reaction such as anger does not befit the true believer, and instead cites as a mark of excellence the quality of forgiveness:

042.037 وَالَّذِينَ يَجْتَنِبُونَ كَبَائِرَ الإثْمِ وَالْفَوَاحِشَ وَإِذَا مَا غَضِبُوا هُمْ يَغْفِرُونَ
042.037 Waallatheena yajtaniboona kaba-ira al-ithmi waalfawahisha wa-itha ma ghadiboo hum yaghfiroona
042.037 Those who avoid the greater crimes and shameful deeds, and, when they are angry even then forgive;

We must take these instructions to our hearts, we know that when we are far from Allah (SWT) in our actions then our hearts become hardened and our remembrance of Allah (SWT) in our daily lives becomes less. We must resolve ourselves to these right actions and behave in accordance to the way Allah (SWT) has shown us. Be more forgiving of others just as Allah (SWT) is forgiving of us.

Part 2

When the Day of Judgment comes, we will without doubt all desire to steer clear from our sins and wish that we had done more good deeds that would be a cause for removal of our bad deeds.

Dear ones, of much interest to us these days should be the fasting of the 9th and the 10th of Muharram. Which will be today, Tuesday and tomorrow, Wednesday, insha’allah. Rasul Allah (saw) said about the voluntary fasting on the Day of Ashura:

“It expiates the sins of the preceding year.” (Sahih Muslim)

Ibn Abbas (ra) reported:

“Rasul Allah (saw) came to al-Madinah and saw the Jews fasting on the day of Ashura. He asked them about that. They replied, ‘This is a good day, the day on which Allah rescued Baani Israa’eel from their enemy. So Musa observed fast on this day.’ Rasul Allah (saw) said, ‘We have more claim over Musa than you.’ So Rasul Allah (saw) observed fast on that day and ordered Muslims to observe fast (on that day).” (Sahih al-Bukhari, Muslim)

Ibn Abbas also reported,

“Rasul Allah (saw) fasted on the day of Ashura and ordered the people to fast on it. The people said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, it is a day that the Jews and Christians honor.’ Rasul Allah (saw) said, ‘When the following year comes – insha’allah – we shall fast on the ninth.’ The death of Rasul Allah (saw) came before the following year.” (Sahih Muslim, Abu Dawood)

So it is recommended to fast on the 10th of Muharram and the 9th along with it as well.

Ibn Rushd (Averoes) says that the scholars disagreed whether the fast is to be done on the 9th or the 10th of Muharram based on these traditions (Bidayat ul Mujtahid). And you can find recommendations to fast on both days in various books, such as al-Hindee’s “Mukhtasar al-Ahkaam al-Fiqhiyyah”, Jameel Zeno’s “The Pillars of Islam and Iman”, and Dr. Jaafar Shaikh Idris’ “The Fast.”

As for the wisdom behind this fast, the following is stated in the Mukhtasar version of Ibn ul Qayyim’s “Zaad ul-Ma`aad”:

“The day of Ashura was the day when Musa and his men got freedom from the hands of the Pharaoh and it was in the sacred memory of this great event that the Muslims observed voluntary fasting. The idea underlying this is to stress the affinity amongst the messengers of Allah and to show that religious devotion is a constant flow from one generation to another. Rasul Allah (saw) came not to abrogate all the earlier religious practices but to codify and preserve them for all times to come in ideal forms.”

Some sayings reported from the Salaf that can serve as an encouragement to do good deeds:

Taubah ibn Samat used to take account of himself and is reported to have counted the number of days in his life at the age of sixty. He found there were 21,500 days and shrieked: “What will happen to me if I meet the King with 21,500 sins? What will happen if there are 10,000 sins in each day?”

Al-Hasan al-Basri (mureed of Hazrat Ali (as)) of would say, “From the signs that one has drowned in sins, is lack of delight in fasting in the day and praying through the night.”

Alqamah Ibn Qais asked Abu Nu`aim – who was a devout worshiper – why he was hard on his body. “I want this body to be comfortable later on,” he replied.

Of Al-Ahnaf Ibn Qays it is reported that he was once told: “You are an aged elder; fasting would enfeeble you. But he replied: ‘By this I am making ready for a long journey. Obedience to Allah, Glorified is He, is easier to endure than His punishment.'”

So I remind myself as well as I remind you my brothers and sisters to resolve to show forgiveness and mercy to ourselves and to those around us, to shun harsh emotions such as anger and that which comes with it. And to do those good deeds, such as fasting, which we can do to prepare ourselves for this journey to Allah (swt).

Wa Allahu alim.