Archive for February, 2017

29 Jumada al Awwal Urs Farid Uddin Attar (ra) – Nishapur

Sunday, February 26th, 2017

Farid Uddin Attar Dargah – Nishapur, Iran

Born in Nishapur, in northeastern Persia around 1142. He traveled widely, Tehran, Egypt, Damascus, Mecca, and Turkestan, then settled in Nishapur. He worked as a healer and saw patients in his shop where he prescribed herbal remedies. Attar is considered one of the greatest Sufi mystic poets – his work inspired Rumi and many others. His greatest work Mantiq al-Tair (The Conference of the Birds) is a symbolic story of the soul’s search for truth and one of the definitive masterpieces of Persian literature. Attar was charged with heresy and banished by the ruling Islamic orthodoxy because of his poetry. He died around 1220-30. His tomb is in Nishapur, Iran.



 

17 Jumada al Awwal Urs Maqdoom Sama Uddin (ra), Mehroli, New Delhi, 901AH/1496CE

Tuesday, February 14th, 2017

Maqdoom Sama Uddin – Mehroli, Delhi

Hazrat Maqdoom Sama Uddin Sohrewardi was the last towering Sufi Saint of the Suhrawardi Order. His father Hazrat Farid Uddin was the disciple of Hazrat Sadr Uddin known as Raju Qattal. Hazrat Sama Uddin was a disciple of Hazrat Kabir Uddin Ismail, who was also the disciple of Hazrat Raju Qattal. He had two sons Hazrat Abdullah Biyabani and HazratNaseer uddin who was his successor. Hazrat Sama Uddin got his education from Hazrat Saiyad Sharif Jirjani, philosopher and scholar at the court of Taimur Shah (d 1405CE). Hazrat Sama Uddin settled in Bayana during the reign of emperor Behlol Lodi (1451-1489CE). After Behlol Lodi, Sikandar Lodi (1489 – 1517CE) became the new emperor, who respected Hazrat Sama Uddin highly.

Hazrat Sama Uddin wrote a commentary on Lumat of Hazrat Shaikh Uddin Iraqi .He has written a book “Mufta ul Asrar” (Key to the Devine Secret). In “Akhbar Ul Akiyar” Hazrat Abdul Haq Mohaddis Delhvi (1551 A.D.-1642 A.D.) said:

“Shaikh Sama Uddin was complete in fear of God, in guarding himself from sin, in outer and inner knowledge. He possessed perfectly the power of attraction in the assembly. Moreover the heart of any sick person he used to look at graciously became cleaned from any spiritual disease and the purposes of any seeker he looked at fulfilled”.

Hazrat Sama Uddin died on 17th Jamada al awwal 901AH/ 2 February 1496CE  and was buried at Mehrolli, Delhi.



 

17th Jumada al Awwal Urs Shah Badi Uddin Madar (ra) – Makhan Pur

Tuesday, February 14th, 2017

Badi Uddin Madar Dargah – Makan Pur

Hazrat Sayed Badiuddin Zinda Shah Madar is a prominent sufi saint whose tomb is situated in Makanpur, near Kanpur city in the State of Uttar Pradesh in India. The annual Urs Mubarak is celebrated with great charm and the pilgrims crowd over from various parts of the country as well as foreigners attend the function with faith. The people are blessed with the prayers of the sufi saint whom, it is said, lived for 596 years. He is also known as Qutub-ul-Madar.

Makanpur was originally known as Khairabad in 818 Hijri according to the Islamic calender. The province flourished with the arrival of Hazrat Sayed Badiuddin Zinda Shah Madar and got fame and developed as years passed. It is said that this province was named as Khairabad after Hazrat Khairuddin (R.A) by Hazrat Sayed Badiuddin Zinda Shah Madar.

This name was changed to Makanpur, when Hazrat Khairuddin (R.A) was crowned with the title of ‘Makkan Sarbaaz’ by the great saint Hazrat Sayed Badiuddin Zinda Shah Madar.

The Tomb of Hazrat Sayed Badiuddin Zinda Shah Madar was built by the Emperor Ibrahim Sharki Jaunpuri and some of the work was carried out by the Emperor Humayun too. He gave most of his wealth in charity after conquering Kannauj. Monuments made by Emperor Akbar and Emperor Shahjahaan still stand in the dargah compound.

Many mystical stories are told about him, including a meeting with Rasul Allah (saw) when he first arrived in India.



 

14th Jumada al Awwal Urs Bibi Fatima al Zahra, Medina, 11AH, 632CE

Saturday, February 11th, 2017
Fatima Calligraphy

Fatima Calligraphy

Text from this article.

Death of Fatima

Fatima took the death of the Holy Prophet to heart, and she passed away in early 633 C E, barely six months after the passing away of the Holy Prophet. She was only twenty-nine years old at the time or her death. Her marriage lasted for a short period of eight or nine years only. During this period she gave birth to five children, three sons and two daughters. Her three sons were Hasan, Husain, and Mohsin. Mohsin died during infancy. Hasan was about seven years old while Husain was about six years old at the time of her death.

Ali’s grief at the death of Fatima

Ali was much grieved at the death of Fatima. Her passing away so soon after the death of the Holy Prophet was a great blow for Ali. He felt disconsolate. He poured his grief in the following elegiac verses: “Afflicted as I feel with many a worldly disease. Verily, men in this world would suffer as long as they live in this vale of tears and sorrow. Verily, after the demise of the Holy Prophet, Fatima’s loss has shown, that friends do not last forever. ” In this hour of grief, Ali addressed the soul of the Holy Prophet in the following terms: “O Messenger of God please accept my greetings, and the greetings from your daughter who has hastened to join you. O Prophet of God my patience has been exhausted at her death. I am most distressed and disconsolate. At your death I suppressed my grief with great difficulty. I laid you in the grave with my own hands. Verily, from God you came and to God you have returned. We all belong to God and to Him we have to return. Fatima was a trust with me, which has now been taken away from me. My state of affairs will be told to you by your daughter. Please do inquire about me from her. Much time has not elapsed to your death, and the memory of your passing away is very much alive with me. I pay my greetings and respects to you. As I can expect relief in my distress only from you. If I move away from your grave, it will not be because of any indifference on my part and if I stay here, it will not be so because of having lost confidence in the promise that God has made to those who are patient.” Ali used to visit the grave of Fatima frequently, and used to write verses to express his grief. On one occasion he wrote: “O thou grave, to thee I resort for paying homage to thee. “O thou, the repository of my beloved Thou answer me not. “O thou beloved tomb, what ails thee Thou respondeth not to my supplications. Art thou, out of humor, Because of the love that I bear thee. ”

Married life of Ali and Fatima

The married life of Ali and Fatima did not extend beyond nine years. It was a happy union. Nevertheless there were differences between the pair occasionally. Once, after having quarreled with Fatima, Ali went to the mosque, and lay on bare earth. That made the Holy Prophet call Ali by the appellation of Abu Turab, Father of the earth. At one time, Ali entertained the idea of marrying a daughter of Abu Jahl. Fatima complained to the Holy Prophet. The Holy Prophet felt annoyed, and while addressing the people in the mosque he said that verily Fatima was part and parcel of him. If Ali wanted to marry the daughter of Abu Jahl, it was open to him to do so, but he should divorce Fatima in the first instance for the daughter of the Prophet, and the daughter of Abu Jahl could not live under the same roof. Thereupon Ali dropped the idea of marrying the daughter of Abu Jahl. There were some temperamental differences between Ali and Fatima, and the Holy Prophet always controlled Fatima to fall in line with the wishes of her husband for after her father he was the best of men.

Fatima Zahra-assessment

Fatima Zahra is regarded as one of the four perfect women of all times, the other three women being: Asiyah the wife of the Pharaoh of Egypt who mothered Moses; Mary, the mother of Jesus Christ; and Khadija the first wife of the Holy Prophet of Islam, and the mother of Fatima Zahra. One day Fatima inquired of the Holy Prophet why she was called Fatima. He said that it was so, because fire would not touch her soul. She was also called ‘Batool”, because she devoted herself all out to Allah and fervently followed the dictates of the Holy Prophet (pbub). Fatima resembled the Holy Prophet in countenance, in elegance of speech, and in general deportment. Whenever Fatima paid a visit to the Holy Prophet, he would kiss her on the forehead, and would make her sit on his seat. He would say, “Fatima is part of me, and whoever angers her angers me, and whoever injures her injures me. ” It was the customary for the Holy Prophet that when he went on a journey the last person of whom he took leave was Fatima, and when he returned from the journey the first person he would see was Fatima. When the Holy Prophet was about to die, Fatima visited him. The Holy Prophet whispered to her something that made her weep. Then he again whispered something and Fatima laughed. She was asked what made her weep and laugh in succession. She did not disclose the secret but later. After the passing away of the Holy Prophet. Ayesha asked her about it and she said that she had wept on being informed of the impending end of the Holy Prophet, but laughed on his assurance that she was to join him soon.

When the Holy Prophet died, the whole world became dark for her. She wept and mourned the death of the Holy Prophet in pathetic verses She said: It is not wondrous that whoever smells the fragrance of Muhammad’s tomb will never smell another perfume. Destiny hurt me with bereavement. So sad, and so dark, that if it had fallen on the days they would have been turned into eternal nights”.



 

5th February (CE Calendar) Urs Of Inayat Khan, 1926CE, Nizamuddin Basti, Delhi

Sunday, February 5th, 2017

Tomb of Hazrat Pir-o-Murshid Inayat Khan, Delhi ©Imam Salim Chishti

Hazrat Pir-o-Murshid Inayat Khan, a brilliant Indian musician, came to the West in 1910 at the behest of his Sufi teacher, Sayyed Muhammad Abu Hashim Madani, who charged him with a mission: to harmonize East and West with the music of his soul.

He had dedicated his early life to the mastery of the subtle intricacies of classical Indian music under the tutelege of his grandfather Moula Baksh, a musical giant who had integrated the Hindustani and Karnatic musical traditions of Northern and Southern India. While barely in his twenties, Inayat Khan received the highest recognition and honors for his artistic accomplishments.

Brief samples of his singing can be heard here and here.

He was initiated by Shaykh al-Masha’ikh Sayyid Muhammad Abu Hashim Madani in the four main Sufi lineages in India, though his primary connection was with the Chishti Order.

On September 13, 1910 he began an odyssey which would encompass three continents and transform thousands of lives. He traveled continually in Europe and the United States, first learning about Western culture and mentality, and then conveying the traditional Sufi teachings in a more and more universel form. He eventually settled in Suresnes, a suburb of Paris, where he held annual summer schools. During only sixteen years in the West, he created a school of spiritual training based upon the traditional teachings of the Chishtiyya and infused with a revolutionary vision of the unity of religious ideals and the coming awakening of the human spirit to its inherent divinity.

Above from the Sufi Order International website www.sufiorder.org